Persian & Greco-Roman Societies and Governments Documents

Before the Midterm Primary Source Summary Assignment Option II Persian & Greco-Roman Societies and Governments Documents Instructions: Please compose a 4-to-5 page essay, with double-spaced text, standard font and 1 margins either by typing in the textbox on Canvas OR by uploading a file saved in either .doc or .docx format. This essay should summarize what you see as the contents of and social and governmental philosophies expressed in the excerpts of Herodotus The Histories: The Persians Reject Democracy and The History of the Persian Wars: On The Kings of Sparta, The Funeral Oration of Pericles, as recorded by Thucydides, Xenophons The Polity of the Spartans, Plutarchs Life of Lycurgus (collectively linked here and in the syllabus as “” in Unit II), and Polybius while incorporating any analysis of Antigone in your analysis of these philosophies and societies that you feel is appropriate making certain to provide a comparative analysis of Persian, Athenian, Spartan, and Republican Roman governments and society using these documents as your primary evidence while also identifying the historical context of each as well as how these societies interacted and influenced each other. This assignment must be submitted in essay format with an introduction, main body, and conclusion not just simply a list of answers to the study questions below. This assignment will be worth a maximum of 30 points. Please feel free to relate aspects of these societies and governments and what happened to them historically to our current community, society, and government/politics but please do also focus on providing analysis of each society and their own historical context as well. If you want to contrast these documents and societies to others we have read/studied thus far, please feel free to do so. No additional research is required. Please cite the documents or textbook when you quote or paraphrase them and please note that Wikipedia or other such sites are not appropriate for college-level essays. Use of or submission of papers using AI, ChatGPT, Ai paper writer or other such technology is also prohibited. The essay is due posted to this assignment on the Canvas site by Sunday March 10th no late papers accepted. Note this is the 2nd of the “Before the Midterm” primary source summary paper assignments you must complete this paper assignment if you chose not to do the Antigone paper in the previous unit. To help organize your thoughts – here are some study questions about these documents: Study Questions Greco-Roman Documents: Herodotus, Pericles, Xenophon, Plutarch, and Polybius The selections of primary source documents in this packet are intended to give you some insight into the political, social, and philosophical ideals and structures of three ancient classical Greco-Roman societies: the polis of Athens, the polis of Sparta, and the Res Publica of Rome, and, by comparison, the Persian Empire. The first two documents described the polis (city-state) and society of Athens as noted by Herodotus who uses his Histories to describe Athenian values as well as to provide a comparative description of Athens great foreign enemy, Persia and by the Archon Pericles, who is speaking near the beginning of the 2nd Peloponnesian War, the great conflict between Athens and their Hellenic enemy Sparta at a public funeral. The next three excerpts described the polis and society of Sparta again through the eyes of Herodotus, as well as the Athenian historian (and student of Socrates) Xenophon, who writes 30 years after Sparta has defeated Athens in the 2nd Peloponnesian War, and finally, through a later Roman historian Plutarch, who wrote biographies known as Lives of great men from Persian, Spartan, Athenian, and Hellenistic societies and then compared those lives to those of the great men of the Roman Republic and the early Roman Empire holding a mirror up to his Roman society. This final document is a description of the structure of the Roman Republic (Res Publica) written by a Greek historian named Polybius as a kind-of guide to those newly conquered by Rome an ancient Roman Government for Dummies – written at the height of the conquests achieved by the Roman Republic, just after the final Punic Wars with Carthage by a scholar with connections to one of the greatest Roman families. As you read the documents, please consider the following topics and questions, which can not only help you with your paper but also the Unit Discussion on the Classical World: How do Herodotus and Pericles describe the society and government of Athens? Why do they feel it is better than other possible structures? How does Herodotus contrast Athenian and Persian values? How do Herodotus, Xenophon, and Plutarch describe Spartan society and government? How would a Spartan argue for the superiority of their societys structure? How does Polybius describe Roman society and government? Why does he feel it is better than other possible structures? In each document, the authors discuss and analyze the ideas of monarchy, oligarchy, and democracy how does each society (Athenian, Persian, Spartan, Roman) define these terms and which does feel is the most effective structure for their society and why? If Herodotus could read and comment on Polybius description of Roman society and government, what do you think he would say and why? How might a Spartan like Lycurgus or Tyrtaeus evaluate Rome as described by Polybius? How do the ideas presented in the play Antigone relate to the political, social, and philosophical ideals of these documents and the societies that produced them/they represent? What is Pericles philosophy regarding society and government and its role in society? What is Darius? What is Lycurgus? What is Polybius? Which do you agree with most? Why? What is the historical context and interaction of these documents? What accounts for the similarities between Athenian, Persian, Spartan, and Republican Roman societies and governments and what accounts for the differences? What are the similarities and differences between the situations their societies faced? Finally, who in our society real, fantasy, or pop-culture would you compare to Otanes, to Megabyzus, to Pericles, to Darius, to Lycurgus, and to a Roman Republican and why? Share on Facebook Tweet Follow us This question has been answered. Get Answer


Best Custom Essay Writing Services

Looking for unparalleled custom paper writing services? Our team of experienced professionals at is here to provide you with top-notch assistance that caters to your unique needs.

We understand the importance of producing original, high-quality papers that reflect your personal voice and meet the rigorous standards of academia. That’s why we assure you that our work is completely plagiarism-free—we craft bespoke solutions tailored exclusively for you.

Why Choose

  • Our papers are 100% original, custom-written from scratch.
  • We’re here to support you around the clock, any day of the year.
  • You’ll find our prices competitive and reasonable.
  • We handle papers across all subjects, regardless of urgency or difficulty.
  • Need a paper urgently? We can deliver within 6 hours!
  • Relax with our on-time delivery commitment.
  • We offer money-back and privacy guarantees to ensure your satisfaction and confidentiality.
  • Benefit from unlimited amendments upon request to get the paper you envisioned.
  • We pledge our dedication to meeting your expectations and achieving the grade you deserve.

Our Process: Getting started with us is as simple as can be. Here’s how to do it:

  • Click on the “Place Your Order” tab at the top or the “Order Now” button at the bottom. You’ll be directed to our order form.
  • Provide the specifics of your paper in the “PAPER DETAILS” section.
  • Select your academic level, the deadline, and the required number of pages.
  • Click on “CREATE ACCOUNT & SIGN IN” to provide your registration details, then “PROCEED TO CHECKOUT.”
  • Follow the simple payment instructions and soon, our writers will be hard at work on your paper. is dedicated to expediting the writing process without compromising on quality. Our roster of writers boasts individuals with advanced degrees—Masters and PhDs—in a myriad of disciplines, ensuring that no matter the complexity or field of your assignment, we have the expertise to tackle it with finesse. Our quick turnover doesn’t mean rushed work; it means efficiency and priority handling, ensuring your deadlines are met with the excellence your academics demand.

ORDER NOW and experience the difference with, where excellence meets timely delivery.

error: Content is protected !!